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What is lymphedema?

What is Lymphedema:

Lymphedema is a stagnation of

protein-rich lymph fluid in the superficial tissues, which can have significant pathological and clinical consequences for a patient left untreated. Lymphedema can result in an abnormal amount of protein fluid collecting the tissues of the extremity. This stagnate, protein rich fluid not only causes tissue channels

to increase in size and number, but also reduces oxygen through the port system, which interferes with wound healing and provides a culture of medium for bacteria that can result in various infections. A chronic

inflammatory condition stemming

from this accumulation of fluid

eventually results in fibrotic or

hardened tissues. Once present,

this chronic and progressive

condition will not disappear

again. Results show that there is

swelling in any area of the body,

most often noted in the arm

or the leg. Lymphedema is

characterized by four main

components:

  • Excessive protein in the tissues

  • Excessive fluid in the tissues

  • Chronic inflammatory reactions

  • Excessive deposition of fibrous

       tissue.